. Following the explosion and sinking of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig, a sea-floor oil gusher flowed for 87 days, until it was capped on July 15, 2010. Eleven people went missing and.. As restoration planning has progressed through the years, the Trustees have developed guidance documents to act as roadmaps. Examples include the strategic frameworks for birds, marine mammals, oysters, and sea turtles as well as guidance for monitoring and adaptive management.
As the days, weeks, and months progressed the indirect impacts related to seafood consumption also gained attention. The chemicals in oil that are of most concern to humans are called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Some of these are known to cause cancer. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is charged with monitoring the levels of PAHs in Gulf Coast seafood. It works in conjunction with NOAA, the EPA, and state agencies to determine which fisheries are safe to open and which ones should be closed. In order for a fishery to be reopened, it must pass both a "smell" test and a chemical analysis. Seafood cannot go to market if it contains harmful levels of PAHs or if it emits an odor associated with petroleum or dispersants. Fishing area closures peaked on June 2, 2010, when 88,522 square miles of the Gulf of Mexico were off-limits. On April 19, 2011, NOAA announced that commercial and recreational fishing could resume in all of the federal waters that were affected by the spill.Just because the oil and dispersants are out of human sight and mind in the deep sea doesn't mean they're gone. It's possible that life in the deep sea was exposed to the dispersant-oil mixture. Scientists have found that the dispersant-oil mixture was rapidly colonized and broken down by bacteria that sunk towards the bottom. Any bits of the mixture that didn't get broken down would then get buried in coastal and deep-sea sediments, where its breakdown slows.Letter to the Louisiana Trustee Implementation Group on its Draft Strategic Restoration Plan and Environmental Assessment #3: Restoration of Wetlands, Coastal, and Nearshore Habitats in the Barataria Basin, Louisiana Once the over 200 million gallons of oil began spewing out of the damaged wellhead—where did it go? Keeping track of that much oil—especially as it sinks into the deep sea—is a difficult task that can't be done with eyes alone. Along with visual tracking, computer models of the oil's movement helped researchers get a better sense of what path it took and where it ended up.
On April 20, 2010, the Deepwater Horizon offshore oil platform suffered an explosion that resulted in the largest marine oil spill in history. In response to the Deepwater Horizon crisis, the State of Florida established Triumph Gulf Coast, Inc. - a nonprofit designed solely to administer Florida's.. In April 2016, the U.S. District Court in New Orleans approved a settlement agreement with BP on all natural resource damage assessment claims under the Oil Pollution Act. That settlement agreement would make available $8.8 billion (which included $1 billion already allocated for early restoration) to fund restoration and improvement projects, as designated by the Trustees in its programmatic restoration plan. Navy S.E.A.L. sniper Chris Kyle's pinpoint accuracy saves countless lives on the battlefield and turns him into a legend. Back home with his family after four tours of duty, however, Chris finds that it is the war he can't leave behind. For more information about ongoing restoration efforts in Texas or to view this restoration plan, please visit: www.gulfspillrestoration.noaa.gov/restoration-areas/texas.
The Deepwater Horizon oil spill occurred between April 10 and September 19, 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico . 1. A U.S. Air Force Reserve plane sprays Corexit over the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. 2. A worker cleans up oily waste on Elmer's Island, Louisiana, on May 21, 2010 The trusteesGovernment officials acting on behalf of the public when there is injury to, destruction of, loss of, or threat to natural resources. assessed injuries to natural resources—such as fish, bottom-dwelling organisms, nearshore ecosystems, birds, sea turtles, and marine mammals—and lost recreation resulting from the spill. Deepwater Horizon Oil. Oil Spill Overview and. Recommendations for Moving Forward. Edward B. Overton, Ph.D. • >200M gallons of oil spilled - Largest spill in US history. • Volume of spill = <1/4 Superdome (Superdome would hold 750M gal, Gulf of
You may need a PDF reader to view some of the files on this page. See EPA’s About PDF page to learn more.There were some reports of deformed wildlife after the spill. For years following the spill there were reports of fish with lesions and deformities, and some reports of eyeless and deformed shrimp after the spill. However, consuming Gulf seafood is now completely safe.Our post-settlement work is organized and conducted as Trustee Implementation Groups where Trustees work together to propose and implement restoration projects within their respective restoration areas. These groups bring in partners and funding from other sources, when possible, to enhance restoration projects’ scope and effectiveness. In the ten years since the spill, approximately 200 projects have been approved to restore injured Gulf resources. The combined estimated cost of these projects is $1.4 billion.
On October 5, 2015, we proposed a comprehensive, integrated, ecosystem restoration plan to address impacts from the spill to the Gulf of Mexico. The draft plan allocated up to $8.8 billion for restoration from a proposed settlement with BP. It was based on our thorough assessment of impacts to the Gulf's natural resources and the services they provide. The Gulf oil spill is recognized as the worst oil spill in U.S. history. Within days of the April 20, 2010 explosion and sinking of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig in the Gulf of Mexico that killed 11 people, underwater cameras revealed the BP pipe was leaking oil and gas on the ocean floor about 42 miles off the coast of Louisiana. By the time the well was capped on July 15, 2010 (87 days later), an estimated 3.19 million barrels of oil had leaked into the Gulf.A comprehensive bibliography of both NRDA and independent Deepwater Horizon oil spill-related marine mammal research and monitoring can be found here.
The benchmark study (PDF), published in 1989, documented the damage oil causes to coastal and tidal habitats. It's particularly notable because it includes 15 years of ecological data about the area before the spill collected by the Smithsonian. The affected area includes the Smithsonian biological reserve known as the Galeta Marine Laboratory. “What we learned, in a nutshell, was never, ever, ever, ever allow oil to get into a complex coastal system of mangroves, sea grasses, and coral reefs because you’ll never get it out,” said Dr. Jackson.Letter to the Deepwater Horizon Open Ocean Trustee Implementation Group on its draft restoration plan 2 and environmental assessment: Fish, sea turtles, marine mammals, and mesophotoic and deep benthic communitees.
. On behalf of the Co-Trustees, we are providing the following information: The recent agreement between the Natural Resource Trustees and BP to make available $1 Billion for implementation of restoration projects presents an additional opportunity for engaging.. Over the course of 87 days, the damaged Macondo wellhead, located around 5,000 feet beneath the ocean's surface, leaked an estimated 3.19 million barrels (over 130 million gallons) of oil into the Gulf of Mexico—making the spill the largest accidental ocean spill in history.We are committed to restoring the natural resources of the Gulf of Mexico for years to come. We will strive to maintain our rapid rate of progress and number of workers on the job, even as we focus additional attention on safe practices in light of the current public health situation. As we implement restoration projects, it is imperative that we manage them well and monitor their success. This monitoring and adaptive management evaluates the success of current projects and adapts them, as needed, to ensure that we maximize resource restoration. We can also use our monitoring information for future projects to improve their results.BP’s Gulf Science Data website is a collection of publicly available datasets on Gulf-related scientific research.
Thanks to all who attended this month's meeting of the Texas Trusteee Implementation Group. Materials available from the meeting include:Seabirds were initially harmed by crude surface oil—even a small bit of oil on their feathers impeded their ability to fly, swim and find food by diving. Seabird losses may have numbered in the hundreds of thousands, but reliable estimates are hard to come by. Looking beyond the sea, researchers are currently studying how oil may have affected land birds that live in the marshes along the Gulf coast. But an oil spill like Deepwater Horizon will add oil and dispersants to the mix, making marine oil snow that is can be toxic to organisms in deep-sea ecosystems. University of Delaware. Consequences of Deepwater Horizon oil spill. ScienceDaily To accelerate the recovery of the ecosystem, BP agreed to provide up to $1 billion for early restoration activities beginning in April 2011. With those early restoration funds, we immediately got to work and ultimately approved 65 projects with a combined cost of approximately $875 million. Examples include $320 million for four barrier island projects on Louisiana’s coast, as well as marsh creation projects in Barataria Basin, which was the area most heavily impacted by the spill. Additionally, a multi-state $45 million project is benefiting sea turtles by enhancing nest protection and stranding response, and engaging the shrimp fishing industry to reduce sea turtle bycatch and understand why and when it’s occurring.
The story of New Zealand's Robert "Rob" Edwin Hall, who on May 10, 1996, together with Scott Fischer, teamed up on a joint expedition to ascend Mount Everest. Under the Oil Pollution Act, BP and the other parties responsible for the Deepwater Horizon oil spill are liable for costs associated with the removal of oil (i.e., clean-up costs) and for damages to natural resources and services caused by the spill, including the costs of assessing those damages. The responsible parties are also subject to civil and criminal monetary penalties under the Clean Water Act, which must be deposited in the Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund to be used for future oil spill clean-up activities. Those funds are not available for addressing damages caused by the Deepwater Horizon spill or for restoration activities.. The oil and gas down there are under enormous pressure. And the key to keeping that pressure under control is this fluid that drillers call mud. Mud is a manmade drilling fluid that's pumped down..
On this day, we, the Deepwater Horizon Natural Resource Damage Assessment Trustees, want to provide an update on our efforts over the past decade to restore natural resources across the Gulf of Mexico. From ensuring our restoration efforts benefit multiple resources of the ecosystem to leveraging funds for maximum efficiencies, we are utilizing settlement funds to address the injuries to the Gulf of Mexico and its coastal areas.. BP Oil Spill. Dark clouds of smoke and fire emerge as oil burns during a controlled fire in the Gulf of Mexico. On April 20, 2010, the Deepwater Horizon oil rig, located far out in the Gulf of Mexico, exploded into flames, killing 11 workers and injuring several others Impacts of the 2010 Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill on BP.finding ways to do thing -dig a mile under water was inseparable with BP. The big questionsremains, where was these big technologies and analysis to avoid spilling that lasted for months?Why couldn't they contain it immediately Deepwater Horizon oil spill facts for kids. Kids Encyclopedia Facts. The Deepwater Horizon oil spill (also referred to as the BP oil spill, the BP oil disaster, the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, and the Macondo blowout) began on April 20, 2010, in the Gulf of Mexico on the BP-operated Macondo Prospect
To make the most of these efforts, we work hard to leverage funding from other sources and strive to engage other restoration partners. For example, the McFaddin Beach and Dune Restoration in eastern Texas funded by Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA), the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation’s Gulf Environmental Benefit Fund, RESTORE, the state, and the county. In addition, there are several projects intended to restore an adjacent salt marsh project funded by the Gulf Environmental Benefit Fund. This collaboration has increased the restoration footprint and reaps far greater environmental benefits.Trustee Implementation Groups (TIGs) have been established for each of the seven restoration areas and are charged with developing restoration plans that identify specific projects for marine mammals and other restoration types, in accordance with the Trustees’ Strategic Framework for Marine Mammal Restoration Activities.
Oil-eating microbes have consumed a considerable portion of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Chemicals used to disperse the oil kept it underwater In April 2010, an explosion on the Deepwater Horizon oil platform in the Gulf of Mexico killed 11 people and caused more than 4 million barrels of.. 17 Deepwater Horizon Response Organization National Incident Command Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Response National Response Team NCP - 15 Federal Agencies POTUS Secretary DHS HSPD-5 Principals Call White House, DHS, NIC, DOI, EPA, DOE, NOAA and others National Incident..
In April 2015, the Commission and several federal agency, academic, and non-governmental organization partners convened the Gulf of Mexico Marine Mammal Research and Monitoring meeting in New Orleans. The objectives of the meeting were to: The Deepwater Horizon oil spill seems to be the most common name. The name of the rig that caught fire and sank was the Deepwater Horizon. The BP oil spills happened in: 2006 Prudhoe Bay, Alaska 2010 Gulf Of Mexico, on the Deepwater Horizon oil rig, about 130 miles SE of New Orleans.. Letter to NMFS on recommendations and rationale to assist the Deepwater Horizon Natural Resource Damage Assessment Trustee Council in developing a restoration plan to address injuries from the oil spill, including those to marine mammals and their habitatsHere's where Smithsonian Collections can play a role. Soon after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, Smithsonian Collections staff plotted invertebrate holdings from the Gulf onto Google Earth. Since 1979, invertebrate specimens have been deposited in the national collections of the National Museum of Natural History's Department of Invertebrate Zoology. In the Gulf of Mexico, more than 57,000 invertebrates (points on the map) from 5,789 distinct collecting sites from 14 Mineral Management Service survey programs (point colors) have been cataloged.
The incident is commonly called the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, the BP oil spill, the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, and the Macondo blowout. Within 24 hours, the Coast Guard determined the incident had the potential to become a major environment disaster for the United States Americans consume over 18.7 million barrels of petroleum a day. Private industries needed to seek new methods of obtaining oil to keep up with consumption as resources in Alaska and onshore are dwindling
To protect his brother-in-law from a drug lord, a former smuggler heads to Panama to score millions of dollars in counterfeit bills. The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill was a man-made disaster which had devastating effects on its surrounding environment, in particular the natural environment around the Deepwater Horizon Oil Rig.Recovery efforts made by the local governments utilized Information Communications Technology.. After most of the oil is removed by skimmers, workers use sorbents to mop up the trace amounts left behind. Sorbents either absorb oil like a sponge or adsorb oil, which means that oil sticks to its surface. They come in three main types: natural organic materials like peat moss, straw, hay and sawdust; natural inorganic materials like clay, volcanic ash, sand, or vermiculite; and synthetic sorbents made of materials similar to plastic like polyurethane, polypropylene, and polyethylene. Which type is used will depend on the particular spill, as some types of sorbents work best on different types of oil and under different weather conditions.To build the models, researchers first had to understand where ocean eddies, currents and waves carried the tiny oil particles. To understand surface water movement better, researchers set small, yellow boards made of wood afloat on the ocean's surface and asked beachgoers to report where they found these “drift cards” when they washed up on shore. This citizen scientist endeavor provided general information about how far the waves can carry a floating object and specific data points that can be used to improve models of where the oil disperses.
The Deepwater Horizon Economic and Property Damages Settlement (the Settlement Program) is no longer accepting new Claim Forms. If you were a clean-up worker or a resident of certain coastal areas after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, you may also be included in the Medical Benefits.. In consideration of industry low's, such as the price collapse in 2013 and major environmental disasters such as the Deepwater Horizon Gulf Of Mexico Oil Spill in 2014, the oil & gas sector has now recovered Deepwater Horizon was a deepwater, dynamically positioned, semi-submersible offshore oil drilling rig owned by Transocean. Built in 2001 in South Korea by Hyundai Heavy Industries, the rig was commissioned by R&B Falcon, which later became part of Transocean, - date of publication verifiable The most basic method of clean up is to control the spread of the oil using physical barriers. When oil spills in water, it tends to float to the surface and spread out, forming a thin slick just a few millimeters thick. (A very thin slick is called a sheen, which often looks like a rainbow and can be seen in parking lots after a rainstorm.) Cleanup workers first surround the slick with floating booms to keep it from spreading to harbors, beaches or biologically important areas like marshes. Then they can use different tools to remove the collected oil. Often they will drive skimmers, boats that skim spilled water from the water's surface, through the slick. For more information about ongoing restoration efforts in Texas, or to view an archived version of the presentation, which will be posted on December 5, visit https://www.gulfspillrestoration.noaa.gov/restoration-areas/texas.
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill - Free download as Word Doc (.doc), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Conclusion The Deepwater Horizon disaster shocked the world as it was the worst marine oil spill in human history. It affected the environment and the American economy greatly.. On April 20, 2010, Transocean Ltd. reported an explosion and subsequent fire on board the semisubmersible drilling rig Deepwater Horizon leased and The incident has resulted in a massive oil spill and has been declared an incident of national significance by President Barack Obama . The open house is meant to give you time to speak with agency staff who are responsible for planning and implementing restoration projects for the natural resources injured by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.
The Deepwater Horizon disaster caused the entire industry recommit itself to rigorous adherence to safety procedures Because no one wants go to Figure 3. Oil spills and natural seeps (note y-axis is logarithmic). Putting Macondo into perspective is in no way meant to diminish this terrible tragedy On April 20, 2010, an explosion at the Deepwater Horizon drilling platform in the Gulf of Mexico killed 11 workers and unleashed the largest accidental marine oil spill in history. Soon after the accident, WHOI administrators and investigators were among those called by BP and the federal government..
The draft plan is available for public review and comment through June 19, 2017. The plan will be available at public meetings in Galveston and Corpus Christi. All public meetings will begin with an interactive open house where the public can ask questions and learn details of proposed projects. The open house will be followed by a formal presentation and opportunity for the public to provide comments on the draft plan.Letter to the Gulf Coast Ecosystem Restoration Council on its Funded Priorities List for Gulf of Mexico restoration activities under the RESTORE Act On April 20, 2010, the oil drilling rig Deepwater Horizon, operating in the Macondo Prospect in the Gulf of Mexico, exploded and This webpage provides information and materials on EPA's enforcement response to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, settlements with several of the defendants, including..
This webpage is limited to EPA’s enforcement-related activities only, and does not cover all legal or other actions against BP Exploration & Production and other parties for the spill, such as private party/class action settlements for medical claims and economic damages, or other actions against those responsible for the spill. The U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana has established the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill website for this purpose. In addition, links for additional information on the spill, cleanup activities and other responses are provided below.A lot of research is still needed to fully understand the long-term effects of dispersants on the region and its inhabitants—not to mention how they move through the food chain to impact larger predators, such as people. Researchers are developing new dispersants that cause less environmental damage for the next spill. (See "Human Health Impacts.")
Name of conflict: Deepwater Horizon oil spill, USA. Country 'Criminal probe of oil spill to focus on 3 firms and their ties to regulators', Jerry Markon, Washington Post, 28 Jul 2010. 'Legal fallout from Gulf oil spill as massive as the catastrophe itself', Carol J. Williams, Los Angeles Times, 28 Jul 2010 Start studying Deepwater Horizon. Learn vocabulary, terms and more with flashcards, games and other study tools. Terms in this set (29). deepwater horizon oil spill also known as. 1. BP oil spill 2. Gulf of Mexico oil spill 3. Macondo blowout The Texas TIG will present a restoration update, including project updates, and offer the public an opportunity to submit comments online Dec. 4.In testimony before a committee of the U.S. House of Representatives, Dr. Sylvia Earle, National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence and former chief scientist of NOAA, offered specific suggestions for addressing the catastrophic oil spill in the Gulf and delivered an impassioned call for greater investment in ocean research—including more expeditions to explore the Gulf’s deep waters, establishing permanent monitoring stations and protocols, and encouraging tri-national collaboration among scientists and institutions around the Gulf. “No one has descended to the greatest depth in the Gulf of Mexico, about three miles down in the Sigsbee Deep near Yucatan. In fact, no one knows for sure exactly where the deepest place in the Gulf is, or if they do, proving it has been an elusive goal,” she said.
Health Hazard Evaluation of Deepwater Horizon Response Workers: Final ReportCdc-pdf. Summarizes evaluations made during the course of the Analyzed injury and illness data provided to NIOSH by BP safety officials to increase awareness of the risks associated with Gulf oil response work These efforts build upon our ecosystem approach to restoring the Gulf. For example, many of our projects are designed to benefit multiple restoration types. Projects that restore coastal marshes may also benefit wildlife, improve water quality, and enhance recreational opportunities. Additionally, a beach project that enhances recreational access to beaches may also educate visitors about the local birds and their nests. Ashley Elizalde Exam Essay 1 The Deepwater Horizon oil spill was an oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico which flowed for three months in 2010. This spill had a catastrophic on the environment causing extensive damage to marine and wildlife habitats as well as killing 11 workers and injuring 17 others The proposed restoration approaches are focused on restoration of marine mammal stocks determined to have been directly or indirectly impacted by the spill, particularly bottlenose dolphins, with some activities (e.g., gaining a better understanding of the causes of illness and mortality) expected to also benefit other marine mammal stocks outside the oil spill direct-impact area.Separate from the NRDA process, BP committed $500 million in May 2010 to be allocated over a 10-year period to investigate the impacts of the spill on the Gulf ecosystem and affected states. The funds were used to create the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative (GOMRI) —a broadly focused, independent research program to be conducted primarily by Gulf research institutions. GOMRI is overseen by a board of scientists selected by BP and the governors of the five Gulf states. Funding is awarded on a competitive basis and all data collected by grant recipients are to be made publicly available on the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Information and Data Cooperative (GRIIDC) website. To date, GOMRI-funded projects that have focused on investigating the impacts of the oil spill on marine mammals include the following:
Pictures of pelicans, sea turtles, and other Gulf of Mexico wildlife struggling in oil were among some of the most disturbing images of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill disaster in 2010. According to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, thousands of “visibly” oiled animals (pdf) —which include birds, sea turtles, and marine mammals—were collected by authorities in the vicinity of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Many of the animals were already dead, but for those found alive, dozens of organizations, including the Smithsonian’s National Zoological Park and the New England Aquarium (NEA), were mobilized to rescue, rehabilitate, and later release animals affected by the spill. National Zoo personnel were dispatched to the Gulf largely to assist with the process of relocating animals affected by the spill and helping to identify future release sites for those rescued. Dr. Luis Padilla, a Zoo veterinarian who helped with a pelican release in Texas, and Dr. Judilee Marrow were among those who assisted in the Gulf. Five years after the Gulf of Mexico's largest disaster, researchers are still studying its ecological impact and struggling to learn the fate of most of the spilled oil. THE AFTERMATH Deepwater Horizon's fifth anniversary is greeted with more questions than answers. US Coast Guard/Wikimedia Commons When oil spills into the ocean, it is difficult to clean up. When you have 3.19 million barrels to clean up, it is even harder.While the dispersant helps expose more of the oil to bacteria and waves which help to break it down, it also makes the oil more available to wildlife. One 2012 study showed that the combination of oil and the dispersant Corexit is 3 to 52-times more toxic to rotifers (microscopic animals) than oil by itself. This isn't because of anything inherently dangerous in the mixture of the two; the rotifers are more able to ingest oil once it's made accessible by the dispersant. But overall, scientists have concluded that the amount of oil determines whether or not adding dispersant is toxic or not, and the oil concentrations during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill were well below toxic levels. Furthermore, oil slicks in and of themselves are toxic to marine wildlife, and this must be taken into consideration when choosing to use dispersants.
The Deepwater Horizon oil spill (also referred to as the BP oil spill, the BP oil disaster, the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, and the Macondo blowout) began on 20 April 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico on the BP-owned Transocean-operated Macondo Prospect Deepwater Horizon oil spill, largest marine oil spill in history, caused by an April 20, 2010, explosion on the Deepwater Horizon oil rig—located in the Gulf of Mexico, approximately 41 miles (66 km) off the coast of Louisiana—and its subsequent sinking on April 22 Responding to stranded or debilitated marine wildlife, especially to those that may have been exposed to oil, was a high priority during the days and months immediately following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Those efforts were guided by the Regional Area Contingency Plan for the Gulf and the draft Marine Mammal Oil Spill Response Guidelines, adapted for Gulf species, including cetaceans (whales and dolphins) and manatees. The Unified Command Wildlife Branch relied heavily on the existing stranding network in the Gulf to respond to stranded, distressed, and injured marine mammals, as those organizations already were federally authorized to conduct marine mammal response activities under the Marine Mammal Protection Act. Aerial surveys to assess the extent of oil contamination also provided a platform for opportunistic sightings of injured and dead marine mammals.Through coordination across funding sources, we are leveraging resources and will be able to accomplish more than would be possible with NRDA settlement funds alone.Immediately after the explosion, workers from BP and Transocean (owner of the Deepwater Horizon rig), and many government agencies tried to control the spread of the oil to beaches and other coastal ecosystems using floating booms to contain surface oil and chemical oil dispersants to break it down underwater. Additionally, numerous scientists and researchers descended upon the Gulf region to gather data. Researchers are still trying to understand the spill and its impact on marine life, the Gulf coast, and human communities.
Marcus Luttrell and his team set out on a mission to capture or kill notorious Taliban leader Ahmad Shah, in late June 2005. Marcus and his team are left to fight for their lives in one of the most valiant efforts of modern warfare. Once the oil left the well, it spread throughout the water column. Some floated to the ocean's surface to form oil slicks, which can spread more quickly by being pushed by winds. Some hovered suspended in the midwater after rising from the wellhead like a chimney and forming several layers of oil, dispersant and seawater mixtures drifting down current; during the spill a 22-mile long oil plume was reported. This plume formed because chemical dispersants, released into the water to break up the oil so it could wash away, allowed the oil to mix with seawater and stay suspended below the surface. And some oil sunk to the seafloor by gluing together falling particles in the water such as bacteria and phytoplankton to form marine snow. As much as 20 percent of the spilled oil may have ended up on top of and in the seafloor, damaging deep sea corals and potentially damaging other ecosystems that are unseen at the surface.In the case of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, clean-up workers treated the oil with over 1.4 million gallons of various chemical dispersants. Typically such large amounts are sprayed over the open ocean from an airplane or helicopter. But during the BP oil spill, they were also injected straight into the Macondo wellhead, the source of the leak, in order to reduce the amount of oil that reached the ocean surface. Five years after the spill some scientists believe that injecting dispersants directly at the wellhead may not have done much to help reduce the size of the oil droplets.
The Deepwater Horizon oil spill (also referred to as the BP oil spill, the BP oil disaster, the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, and the Macondo blowout) Following the explosion and sinking of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig, a sea-floor oil gusher flowed for 87 days, until it was capped on 15 July 2010 Letter to the Gulf Coast Ecosystem Restoration Council on the RESTORE Act Draft Comprehensive Plan Update 2016 for the Gulf of Mexico A man believes he has put his mysterious past behind him and has dedicated himself to beginning a new, quiet life, before he meets a young girl under the control of ultra-violent Russian gangsters and can't stand idly by. Sea Grant in the Gulf of Mexico provides information to help increase knowledge and awareness of oil spill science topics, including the impacts of the oil spill on bottlenose dolphins and other wildlife.The impact of the spill on fish communities is still largely unknown. Lab studies have shown that oil can cause heart defects in the developing larvae of bluefin tuna and other fish, but we won't know if this occurred in the wild until after those larvae would have grown up. Some fish larvae populations actually grew after the spill, as they had more food in the form of oil-eating microbes.
The Trustee’s 2016 restoration plan allocated funding to thirteen restoration types, including marine mammals, and across seven restoration areas: Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas, regionwide, and open ocean. Additional funds are reserved for natural resource conditions and adaptive management needs that may be identified in the future.NEA staff who helped to rehabilitate sea turtles rescued from the Gulf oil spill offered a behind-the-scenes view on the aquarium’s Marine Animal Rescue Team Blog. The blog described how rescuers in boats and spotter planes were “looking for rounded mounds on the surface of the oil, which usually means that there is a turtle floating under the surface of the oil." The rescue team, based at the Audubon Aquarium of the Americas in New Orleans, treated dozens of endangered sea turtles, such as Kemp's ridley, loggerheads, green sea turtles, and hawksbills. To learn more about how oil affects marine life, watch this video from the Pew Environment Group that explains the impact of oil on marine life throughout the water column and check out this fact sheet from U.S. Fish and Wildlife which summarizes “Effects of Oil on Wildlife and Habitat.” (pdf) We may not know the full effects of the spill on animals - both big and small - for years to come. (See "Ecosystem Effects.")
Strandings of both dolphins and sea turtles increased significantly in the years following the spill. "From 2002 to 2009, the Gulf averaged 63 dolphin deaths a year. That rose to 125 in the seven months after the spill in 2010 and 335 in all of 2011, averaging more than 200 a year since April 2010," reported R in 2015. Since then, dolphin deaths have declined, and long-term impacts on the population are not yet known. Kemp's ridley sea turtle nests have gone down in the years since the spill, and long-term effects are not yet known. Deepwater Horizon oil spill contributed to high number of Gulf dolphin deaths. The Deepwater Horizon spill resulted in the largest natural resource damage assessment ever undertaken On April 20, 2010, an explosion occurred on the Deepwater Horizon drilling platform in the Gulf of Mexico. The explosion, which killed 11 men, caused the rig to sink and started a catastrophic oil leak from the well. Before it was capped three months later, approximately 134 million gallons of oil had spilled into the Gulf, the largest offshore oil spill in U.S. history.
BP said on Tuesday it would take a new charge over the 2010 Deepwater Horizon spill after again raising estimates for outstanding claims, lifting total costs Charges over the spill have steadily grown since the company reached a landmark $19-billion settlement of federal and state claims in July 2015 As a math savant uncooks the books for a new client, the Treasury Department closes in on his activities, and the body count starts to rise. In April of 2010, a BP Deepwater Oil rig in the Gulf of Mexico exploded In this Natural Resources Defense Council time lapse video, NRDC science scribe Perrin Ireland paints some of the questions that scientists want to better understand about the Deepwater Horizon oil spill's impact, starting with.. More information on the development of marine mammal restoration plans, including opportunities to provide public input and ideas for future projects, can be found on the Trustee’s website.This webpage provides information and materials on EPA’s enforcement response to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, settlements with several of the defendants, including the record-setting settlement with BP Exploration & Production for an unprecedented $5.5 billion Clean Water Act penalty and up to $8.8 billion in natural resource damages.